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Greetings all!  We are excited to announce JTAH Volume 6 is now available in full-color and high-quality print format at  Just click on this link to go straight to the Amazon book-order page:

Volume 6 includes these terrific works of original research:

Article 1:  “EVALUATING THE INTEGRITY OF BLACKWATER DRAW’S LOCALITY X: The Role of Wind in the Formation of a Late Prehistoric Site on the Southern High Plains” by J. David Kilby, Texas State University, and Laura Hronec, Eastern New Mexico University.


Article 3:  “THE ANDICE CACHE of DENTON CREEK, Montague County, Texas” by Sergio J Ayala, PhD candidate, University of Exeter, UK.

Article 4:   “TAKING ANOTHER LOOK: An “Iconic” Shelter at Hueco Tanks State Park and Historic Site (41EP2) with DStretch and Photo Tracing” by Margaret K. Berrier, Jornada Research Institute. J.T.A.H. Editors are now accepting manuscript submittals for Annual Volume 7.

J.T.A.H. Volume 6 Publication announcement

Journal of Texas Archeology and is very pleased to announce the digital publication of our peer-reviewed annual volume of original research in archeology and history of the “Texas Borderlands Region”.   The fascinating and richly illustrated articles listed below are included in Volume 6 (2020/2021).  Follow this link to the digital version of the volume where you may read or download at your pleasure:  JTAH Volume 6.


                        J. David Kilby, Texas State University

Laura Hronec, Eastern New Mexico University



                        William E. Moore



                        Sergio J. Ayala, PhD candidate, University of Exeter, UK

                             Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory,

                             The University of Texas at Austin




                        Margaret K. Berrier

                             Jornada Research Institute

TAKING ANOTHER LOOK: An “Iconic” Shelter at Hueco Tanks State Park and Historic Site (41EP2) with DStretch and Photo Tracing

Margaret K. Berrier, Jornada Research Institute

JTAH has been blessed this year with outstanding articles.  This offering from Margaret Berrier is no exception.  The richly illustrated, professionally written article will be enjoyed by anyone remotely interested in rock art of the Trans Pecos.  While this article is focused on one of the most iconic artistic elements found in Texas rock art, possibly all of Texas art in total, it delves into the latest scientific research techniques used in the field of rock art studies.  Photographs are in high-resolution for zooming into fine details.  Follow this link to: Taking Another Look: An “Iconic” Shelter at Hueco Tanks State Park and Historic Site (41EP2) with DStretch and Photo Tracing.

Andice cache of Denton Creek

J.T.A.H. is extremely pleased to announce publication of an article of original research by Sergio Ayala summarizing his lengthy study of Andice points and the interesting notching behavior found in them. Readers will enjoy this richly illustrated article and learn a great deal about the craftsmanship represented by this artifact type.

As with all J.T.A.H. digital publications, this article is brought to the reader as a free and open access publication through the JTAH website. Readers are encouraged to zoom into the finest flint knapping details in this article’s high-resolution photography.

Click here to view or download THE ANDICE CACHE of DENTON CREEK, Montague County, Texas.


by William E. Moore

J.T.A.H. is pleased to bring you this interesting research by Bill Moore on the little documented historical topic of “calabooses” in the Texas Borderlands region. These tiny jails found in most small towns are in danger of disappearing due to the effects of time and neglect. This richly illustrated article will certainly enhance any reader’s knowledge on the subject.


On April 2013, Rhonda K. Holley and I encountered a tiny concrete structure in Gause, Texas that aroused our curiosity. It was the town calaboose built circa 1921. We thought a lot about what it must have been like to be locked up in such a place in times of extreme heat and cold. Rhonda K. Holley discusses our fascination with the Gause calaboose in this video. I had heard the term calaboose in western movies, but I had never given any thought to what it meant. But here in Gause, Texas was the real thing. A small, almost whimsical structure that seemed totally out of place in the twenty-first century. Its once important role in an emerging community had been downgraded as a place to burn trash and a palette for graffiti by vandals. Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary defines calaboose as simply a prison or jail. But it is more than that. It represents a time capsule in small vernacular jail architecture that was present throughout the country until the middle of the twentieth century. This article discusses the role of the calaboose during the early days of the twentieth century in the Texas Borderlands.

To read or download click here.

New Jtah article: Locality x

We are pleased to announce the publication of a terrific new article authored by J. David Kilby and Laura Hronec entitled:

Evaluating the Integrity of Blackwater Draw’s Locality X: The Role of Wind in the Formation of a Late Prehistoric Site on the Southern High Plains


Locality X is a diffuse scatter which consists primarily of more than 1,000 tiny lithic artifacts distributed throughout a massive stratum of eolian sand adjacent to a lunette southeast of Blackwater Draw Locality 1. The discovery of a single side-notched projectile point along with radiocarbon dates indicate that this newly discovered locality may represent a Late Prehistoric camp associated with the prehistoric springs that characterize the site. As such, it would represent the first discrete Late Prehistoric locality identified at the Blackwater Draw site; however, questions arose regarding the assemblage’s validity as a primary site of human activity. The unusually small artifact sizes and their location on the landscape raised the possibility that Locality X represents a secondary accumulation of size-sorted artifacts originating from the multiple archaeological localities lying upwind along the margins of the pond, redeposited in an aggrading lunette feature. Particle size analysis and wind tunnel experiments were carried out to test this hypothesis. Results indicate that, while the site has clearly been reworked by wind, eolian processes alone do not account for the accumulation of the artifacts, and the site appears to represent a primary location of cultural activity. The study generated new information relevant to understanding wind transport of small artifacts as well as confirming the existence of a new locality at the Blackwater Draw site.

Click on the title above to be taken directly to the article where you may either read or download a digital copy of this graphic rich research paper.

Watch for this to appear as our lead-off article in the full J.T.A.H. Volume 6 (2020).

Special Announcements & Volume 5

Greetings and Happy Holidays to all!  We are very pleased to share several JTAH announcements today.

First, we are excited to announce JTAH Volume 5 (2018/2019) is now available online, just click HERE where you may either read or download the complete volume.  Individual articles are listed below; click on them to read or download each of them. Volume 5 includes our first Spanish language article, a translation of Amy Borgens terrific article discussing the Boca Chica shipwreck which first appeared as Article 1 in Volume 4.  We plan this to be only the first of many Spanish articles.  Also included in this volume is our Special Publication No. 4 that was first published as a stand-alone publication for Texas Parks & Wildlife Department and Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum.  This interesting article covers archeological investigations at Palo Duro Canyon State Park.

It is our great honor and pleasure to announce two leading experts in archeology, including specialties in botany and underwater (marine) archeology, have joined the all-volunteer management team at Journal of Texas Archeology and, Inc.   Dr. Ashley K. Lemke has joined our corporate Board of Directors and will spearhead a new initiative to publish a collection of graduate research papers in a journal we call “The Best of Graduate Research from the Texas Borderlands Region”.  Ashley is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Texas Arlington and is Vice-Chair with the Advisory Council for Underwater Archaeology.  Also joining us in the important role of Co-Editor-in-Chief is Dr. J. Kevin Hanselka.  Kevin is an archeologist at the Texas Department of Transportation, and a practicing consulting archeobotanist specializing in Mexico and the American Southwest. He studied plant use on Late Archaic farming villages in Chihuahua is continuing research into emergent agricultural economies in Tamaulipas as well as volunteering his services at the SHUMLA school.  Both individuals bring great expertise and vision to the JTAH.

Call for Papers: JTAH Volume 6 (2020).  The JTAH is soliciting research papers in original new research of archeology and history of the six-state regions we call the “Texas Borderlands”.  Click here for the full invitation information.

Have a terrific 2020 everybody!

Here are links to individual articles:




Call for Papers: JTAH Volume 6 (2020).  The JTAH is soliciting research papers in original new research of archeology and history of the six-state regions we call the “Texas Borderlands”.  Click here for the full invitation information.

J.T.A.H. Special Publication No. 4 – History of Archeological Investigations at Palo Duro Canyon State Park

The J.T.A.H. is proud to present another great “Special Publication”.  This one, written by Veronica Arias, Tony Lyle, and Rolla Shaller, outlines the archeological investigations of one of Texas’ greatest state parks – Palo Duro Canyon State Park.  This is presented in conjunction with the Texas Archeological Society’s annual field school at the park June 8-15, 2019 in association with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.

Click the following link to read or download a PDF copy:  Special Publication No. 4 – History of Archeological Investigations at Palo Duro Canyon State Park.

JTAH Volume 5 – Final Call for Papers

We are issuing our final “Call for Papers” to be included in the JTAH Volume 5.  Please see the information below and share with anyone you know who may be wrapping up a research article and looking for a peer-reviewed publishing venue.


Journal of Texas Archeology and History

Call for Papers – Volume 5 (2018/2019)

The Journal of Texas Archeology and has been established to protect, preserve, and promote archeology and history through public outreach, publishing, and distribution. Our signature work is a peer-reviewed publication that promotes professional and graduate academic level research in the fields of archeology and history regarding a geographic region centered around the State of Texas that includes Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and the northern portions of Mexico. We call this region the “Texas Borderlands”.

The JTAH journal is an open-access online publication whose text is discoverable via Google Scholar and other prominent search engines. It is freely available to authors and readers worldwide. It is word searchable in common Portable Document Format (.PDF) file format and indexed to be discoverable on the internet. We have no deadline for authors to meet; simply submit the completed manuscript to the Co-Editors-in-Chief Todd M. Ahlman and Mary Jo Galindo. They will begin the peer review processes upon receipt.

All submissions should follow American Antiquity style:

( Upon peer review and approval by our Co-Editors-in-Chief and final preparation for publication, the article will be published in the online journal.  Additionally, articles published online will appear in our annual volume and the print version.  Volumes close on June 30 and the next volume is begun on July 1st of each year.

The online version of the Journal is a 100% digital publication, authors are encouraged to take full advantage of technology to enhance their article through use of features not available in traditional publications.  These enhancements include:  extensive color, high-resolution photography, video clips and embedded sound bites, 3-D interactive renderings, and hypertext links to outside content and websites. Authors are encouraged to include separate appendixes of supporting data that will be published in the online version and available as a stand-alone digital download.

Additionally, the now publishes a high-quality, full-color, print version of its annual volume of peer-reviewed research.  The print publication is made available through at near direct cost as a service to the research community and authors.

2018 J.T.A.H International Scholars Symposium PowerPoint Presentations

PowerPoint presentations from the 2018 J.T.A.H. International Scholars Symposium held in conjunction with the T.A.S. Annual Meeting in San Antonio are now available here in PDF format.  Scroll down for complete listing of Symposium presentation title, abstract, presenter biography, photo and a link to the PowerPoint.  Please note: these PowerPoint PDF’s are copyright property of the authors and are provided here strictly for individual use and are not to be used for commercial purposes or other republication. Contact the author to request permission to reuse the information provided.

This symposium is sponsored and organized by the Journal of Texas Archeology and, Inc., a 501(c)(3) tax exempt, Texas non-profit corporation, with generous financial support from the Gilmore Foundation and support from Friends of the Texas Historical Commission.


Dr. Mary Jo Galindo,, Galindo Environmental, LLC, Austin, TX

Gustavo Alberto Ramirez Castilla, M.A.,, I.N.A.H., Tamaulipas, MX

SYMPOSIUM TITLE: Spanish Colonial Borderlands: Colonial Roots of Southern Texas and Northern Mexico
ABSTRACT: By 1749, the Spanish colony of Nuevo Santander extended from Laredo to South Padre Island, with the Rio Nueces as the northern boundary between it and Coahuila y Texas. Nuevo Santander colonists were granted land on both sides of the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte). They were tasked with pushing the frontier further north away from the mining communities of Nuevo Leon, defending their property from hostile Native American groups in the area, and perfecting an open-range style of Longhorn cattle raising that involved horse-mounted management of herds. The colonists participated in the regional economy, including copper mining, and adapted to the area with knowledge gained from Native Americans.   Welcome Slide Information. 

  1. TITLE: Nuevo Santander – The Unrealized Archaeological Potential of a “Civilian” Province In Northern New Spain

ABSTRACT: In 1746 the Viceroy of New Spain called for the founding of a new province to be located between the Rio Grande and the Nueces River. Between 1748-1755 two dozen civilian communities of farmers and ranchers were established by the province’s founder José de Escandón. Many towns were founded along the banks of the Rio Grande where there was access to water and lands for agriculture and grazing. Each town served as the administrative, economic, and ecclesiastical hub for surrounding land grants and ranches. Were it not for the work of W. Eugene George, Mindy Bonine, and Mary Jo Galindo, our knowledge of the architectural and archaeological history of this region would be woefully incomplete. In this presentation the CHAPS Program team draws on the work of these pioneers and continuing original research concerning the surviving archaeological and architectural record of the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

PRESENTERS: Russell K. Skowronek, Ph.D.,
Professor of Anthropology & History
Director of the CHAPS Program,
Christopher L. Miller, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of History
Associate Director, CHAPS Program
AUTHORS: Russell K. Skowronek,
Christopher L. Miller,
Roseann Bacha-Garza,
AFFILIATION: Community Historical Archaeology Project with Schools Program (CHAPS), University of Texas Rio Grande Valley,

2. TITLE:    The Mier Codex and the Distribution of Land to the Tlaxcaltecan Founders of the Village of Mier in 1753.

ABSTRACT:  The Historical Archive of Ciudad Mier, Tamaulipas, protects an extraordinary document, unique in its characteristics for being a pictorial testimony on the distribution of plots made by Colonel José de Escandón to the founding families of the village of Mier in 1753. It is a codex composed of two sheets of paper in which they are represented figuratively, in the style of the Mesoamerican codex  of central Mexico, the characters who participated in the distribution. This unique document is possibly a testimony prepared by a Nahua Indian who testifies the distribution of land to the Tlaxcaltecan families who joined the colonizing expedition of the Nuevo Santander. In this paper the characteristics of the codex are described, the Nahuatl graffiti are translated and an interpretation of its meaning is made, contrasting it with the testimonies referring to this event in the historical sources.

PRESENTER:    Gustavo Alberto Ramirez Castilla, M.A.,, I.N.A.H. – Monterrey, MX

3. TITLE: Barbery on the Frontier – The Obsidian Blades from the 1554 Wreck
of the San Esteban (41KN10)
ABSTRACT: Between 1972-1975, four obsidian blades from the 1554 shipwreck of the Spanish ship the San Esteban (41KN10) were recovered by archeologists off the coast of South Padre Island. Chemical sourcing of the specimens at the Missouri University Research Reactor in 2018 identified the provenance of the blades as the central Mexican state of Hidalgo in the Sierra de las Navajas. This research provides an opportunity to reconsider the significance of these artifacts in light of other artifacts recovered from the 1554 wreck sites and similar finds from other mid-sixteenth century vessels in the Gulf. Far from anomalies, the obsidian blades are reinterpreted as examples of an indigenous manufacturing industry that supplied a needed commodity for the barbering kits of residents and travelers in the Spanish colonies.

PRESENTER: Bradford M. Jones,
Collections Manager/Curatorial Facilities Certification Program Coordinator,
Texas Historical Commission, Austin, TX
Authors: Bradford M. Jones, Texas Historical Commission, Austin.
Michael D. Glascock, Archaeometry Lab, University of Missouri Research Reactor.
Sara Gilmer, Archaeometry Lab, University of Missouri Research Reactor.

4. TITLE: Languages, Culture and the Displacement of the Historic Ethnic Units
of the Lower Rio Grande. (Ed. Note: PowerPoint not yet available).
ABSTRACT: The Indians along the lower Rio Grande were among the last to be disrupted during the Novo-Hispanic settlement of the river in 1749 during the Spanish Colonial era. This work scrutinizes the impact of Spanish colonization on the native culture and on their demographic numbers. Since 1864 and particularly during the first part of the twentieth century, scholars have improvised their classification of the native languages of the Gulf Coastal Plain—located between the Guadalupe River in Texas and the Soto la Marina River in Tamaulipas—creating a flawed anthropological understanding of this part of North America. This study argues for a reconsideration of the linguistic cartography of northeastern Mexico and southern Texas and reviews the diverse human adaptability evident in these plains.

PRESENTER: Martin Salinas, M.A.,
Director of the Historical Documents Section of the Municipal Archive of Reynosa, Reynosa, MX.

5. TITLE: The End of Empire:
The Lingering Spanish Colonial Influences in the U.S.-Mexican War
ABSTRACT: In 1821 when Mexico gained its independence from the failing Spanish Empire, the young republic inherited a vast territorial realm, remnants of a Late Medieval societal structure, as well as a military tradition that included outdated Spanish tactics and armaments. These inheritances arguably hindered this young republic’s ability to create and maintain a stable and sustainable government while simultaneously protecting their large, inherited North American empire. Through this lens, the Battle of Palo Alto will be reexamined, and the insights gained there will be utilized to better understand this unique social, cultural, and military context – the last gasp of Empire, and the birth of what would become the modern Mexican Republic, by the close of the U.S.-Mexican War. In the spring of 1846, on the clay soils of the Rio Grande Delta, the legacies of the Spanish Colonial Period would ultimately lead to the end of Mexico’s ability to maintain the vast territories it inherited from Spain.

PRESENTER: Rolando L. Garza,
Archeologist/Chief of Resource Management
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park, National Parks Service

6. TITLE: The Presidio San Carlos, a Remote Outpost in the Nueva Viscaya Region.
ABSTRACT: The Camino Real was a cultural, political, and economical link between the Viceroy of Mexico and the northern communities of the New Spain, mostly mining centers. But these new territories were not only harsh geographically but dangerous. Because of that the Spanish empire establishes a military line of presidios from California to Florida. These structures were simple constructions made of local material. Several of these presidios were short lived; others become major cities today, such as Chihuahua. The conformation of the frontier in colonial times is well known historically, but poorly knows archaeologically specially in Mexico. The Presidio San Carlos is located near the community of Manuel Benavidez, Chihuahua, near the Texan border. It’s isolation contribute to its well preservation and present a good archaeological opportunity to explore. Here we will present the result from the recent archaeological survey project conducted at the Presidio San Carlos this summer of 2018.

PRESENTER: Dr. Emiliano Gallaga Murrieta,
Director de la Escuela de Antropología e Historia del Norte de México,
EAHNM-INAH, Chihuahua, Chihuahua, MX.

7. TITLE: Falcon Reservoir: Efforts to Preserve an Endangered Landscape
ABSTRACT: The cultural landscape of the Falcon Reservoir is defined by 1000s of years of occupation along the Rio Grande River. Although some of the most enduring features of this landscape can be traced to the Spanish Colonial period, the archaeological sites dating to this period are also the most endangered. Despite increased efforts by the United States International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC) to protect sites, the resources continue to be impacted due to the reservoir’s function as both the international boundary and a flood control reservoir that attracts thousands of recreational visitors a year. In this paper we report on a 2018 survey at Falcon Reservoir when the USIBWC and THC observed impacts at historic sites with roots in the Spanish Colonial period. The results suggest that erosion, looting, and development continue to impact the cultural landscape, and in this paper, we contextualize these destructive processes and identify potential partnerships to mitigate future impacts.

PRESENTERS: Casey Hanson, Ph.D.,
South Texas Regional Archeologist
Texas Historical Commission, Austin, TX
Mark L. Howe,
Cultural Resources Specialist, United States Section,
International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC), El Paso, Texas

8. TITLE: Con Un Pie En Cada Lado:
Nuevo Santander Ranching Communities Along The Lower Rio Grande
ABSTRACT: The eighteenth-century colony of Nuevo Santander attracted my attention after a look up my grandfather Pedro Hernández Barrera’s family tree. What I learned about my lineage made me question the version of Texas history that I was taught as a child growing up in Texas public schools. That version did not credit the contributions of Nuevo Santander colonists to this state’s modern cattle industry, yet theirs were some of the earliest ranches in Texas, from Laredo to the Gulf coast. They received land grants straddling the Río Grande in 1767 on which to establish livestock ranches. The colonists and their descendants literally lived con un pie en cada lado, with a foot on each side of river.

PRESENTER: Mary Jo Galindo, Ph.D.,
Principle, Galindo Environmental Consulting, LLC
Austin, Texas