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The Journal of Texas Archeology and History.org annually publishes a peer-reviewed volume of original research in Archeology and History of the region we call "The Texas Borderlands" as well as supporting public outreach and education. Go to www.JTAH.org for more information about our work. We are an IRC 501(c)(3) nonprofit Texas corporation.

2018 J.T.A.H International Scholars Symposium PowerPoint Presentations

PowerPoint presentations from the 2018 J.T.A.H. International Scholars Symposium held in conjunction with the T.A.S. Annual Meeting in San Antonio are now available here in PDF format.  Scroll down for complete listing of Symposium presentation title, abstract, presenter biography, photo and a link to the PowerPoint.  Please note: these PowerPoint PDF’s are copyright property of the authors and are provided here strictly for individual use and are not to be used for commercial purposes or other republication. Contact the author to request permission to reuse the information provided.

J.T.A.H. INTERNATIONAL SCHOLARS SYMPOSIUM
This symposium is sponsored and organized by the Journal of Texas Archeology and History.org, Inc., a 501(c)(3) tax exempt, Texas non-profit corporation, with generous financial support from the Gilmore Foundation and support from Friends of the Texas Historical Commission.

CO-MODERATORS:

Dr. Mary Jo Galindo, GalindoENV@gmail.com, Galindo Environmental, LLC, Austin, TX

Gustavo Alberto Ramirez Castilla, M.A., gustavoramirezc@gmail.com, I.N.A.H., Tamaulipas, MX

SYMPOSIUM TITLE: Spanish Colonial Borderlands: Colonial Roots of Southern Texas and Northern Mexico
ABSTRACT: By 1749, the Spanish colony of Nuevo Santander extended from Laredo to South Padre Island, with the Rio Nueces as the northern boundary between it and Coahuila y Texas. Nuevo Santander colonists were granted land on both sides of the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo del Norte). They were tasked with pushing the frontier further north away from the mining communities of Nuevo Leon, defending their property from hostile Native American groups in the area, and perfecting an open-range style of Longhorn cattle raising that involved horse-mounted management of herds. The colonists participated in the regional economy, including copper mining, and adapted to the area with knowledge gained from Native Americans.   Welcome Slide Information. 

  1. TITLE: Nuevo Santander – The Unrealized Archaeological Potential of a “Civilian” Province In Northern New Spain

ABSTRACT: In 1746 the Viceroy of New Spain called for the founding of a new province to be located between the Rio Grande and the Nueces River. Between 1748-1755 two dozen civilian communities of farmers and ranchers were established by the province’s founder José de Escandón. Many towns were founded along the banks of the Rio Grande where there was access to water and lands for agriculture and grazing. Each town served as the administrative, economic, and ecclesiastical hub for surrounding land grants and ranches. Were it not for the work of W. Eugene George, Mindy Bonine, and Mary Jo Galindo, our knowledge of the architectural and archaeological history of this region would be woefully incomplete. In this presentation the CHAPS Program team draws on the work of these pioneers and continuing original research concerning the surviving archaeological and architectural record of the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

PRESENTERS: Russell K. Skowronek, Ph.D.,
Professor of Anthropology & History
Director of the CHAPS Program,
Christopher L. Miller, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of History
Associate Director, CHAPS Program
AUTHORS: Russell K. Skowronek, Russell.skowronek@utrgv.edu
Christopher L. Miller, christopher.miller@utrgv.edu
Roseann Bacha-Garza, roseann.bachagarza@utrgv.edu
AFFILIATION: Community Historical Archaeology Project with Schools Program (CHAPS), University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, www.utrgv.edu/chaps

2. TITLE:    The Mier Codex and the Distribution of Land to the Tlaxcaltecan Founders of the Village of Mier in 1753.

ABSTRACT:  The Historical Archive of Ciudad Mier, Tamaulipas, protects an extraordinary document, unique in its characteristics for being a pictorial testimony on the distribution of plots made by Colonel José de Escandón to the founding families of the village of Mier in 1753. It is a codex composed of two sheets of paper in which they are represented figuratively, in the style of the Mesoamerican codex  of central Mexico, the characters who participated in the distribution. This unique document is possibly a testimony prepared by a Nahua Indian who testifies the distribution of land to the Tlaxcaltecan families who joined the colonizing expedition of the Nuevo Santander. In this paper the characteristics of the codex are described, the Nahuatl graffiti are translated and an interpretation of its meaning is made, contrasting it with the testimonies referring to this event in the historical sources.

PRESENTER:    Gustavo Alberto Ramirez Castilla, M.A., gustavoramirezc@gmail.com, I.N.A.H. – Monterrey, MX

3. TITLE: Barbery on the Frontier – The Obsidian Blades from the 1554 Wreck
of the San Esteban (41KN10)
ABSTRACT: Between 1972-1975, four obsidian blades from the 1554 shipwreck of the Spanish ship the San Esteban (41KN10) were recovered by archeologists off the coast of South Padre Island. Chemical sourcing of the specimens at the Missouri University Research Reactor in 2018 identified the provenance of the blades as the central Mexican state of Hidalgo in the Sierra de las Navajas. This research provides an opportunity to reconsider the significance of these artifacts in light of other artifacts recovered from the 1554 wreck sites and similar finds from other mid-sixteenth century vessels in the Gulf. Far from anomalies, the obsidian blades are reinterpreted as examples of an indigenous manufacturing industry that supplied a needed commodity for the barbering kits of residents and travelers in the Spanish colonies.

PRESENTER: Bradford M. Jones, Brad.Jones@thc.texas.gov
Collections Manager/Curatorial Facilities Certification Program Coordinator,
Texas Historical Commission, Austin, TX
Authors: Bradford M. Jones, Texas Historical Commission, Austin.
Michael D. Glascock, Archaeometry Lab, University of Missouri Research Reactor.
Sara Gilmer, Archaeometry Lab, University of Missouri Research Reactor.

4. TITLE: Languages, Culture and the Displacement of the Historic Ethnic Units
of the Lower Rio Grande. (Ed. Note: PowerPoint not yet available).
ABSTRACT: The Indians along the lower Rio Grande were among the last to be disrupted during the Novo-Hispanic settlement of the river in 1749 during the Spanish Colonial era. This work scrutinizes the impact of Spanish colonization on the native culture and on their demographic numbers. Since 1864 and particularly during the first part of the twentieth century, scholars have improvised their classification of the native languages of the Gulf Coastal Plain—located between the Guadalupe River in Texas and the Soto la Marina River in Tamaulipas—creating a flawed anthropological understanding of this part of North America. This study argues for a reconsideration of the linguistic cartography of northeastern Mexico and southern Texas and reviews the diverse human adaptability evident in these plains.

PRESENTER: Martin Salinas, M.A., martinsalinasrivera@yahoo.com.mx
Director of the Historical Documents Section of the Municipal Archive of Reynosa, Reynosa, MX.

5. TITLE: The End of Empire:
The Lingering Spanish Colonial Influences in the U.S.-Mexican War
ABSTRACT: In 1821 when Mexico gained its independence from the failing Spanish Empire, the young republic inherited a vast territorial realm, remnants of a Late Medieval societal structure, as well as a military tradition that included outdated Spanish tactics and armaments. These inheritances arguably hindered this young republic’s ability to create and maintain a stable and sustainable government while simultaneously protecting their large, inherited North American empire. Through this lens, the Battle of Palo Alto will be reexamined, and the insights gained there will be utilized to better understand this unique social, cultural, and military context – the last gasp of Empire, and the birth of what would become the modern Mexican Republic, by the close of the U.S.-Mexican War. In the spring of 1846, on the clay soils of the Rio Grande Delta, the legacies of the Spanish Colonial Period would ultimately lead to the end of Mexico’s ability to maintain the vast territories it inherited from Spain.

PRESENTER: Rolando L. Garza, rolando_garza@nps.gov
Archeologist/Chief of Resource Management
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historical Park, National Parks Service

6. TITLE: The Presidio San Carlos, a Remote Outpost in the Nueva Viscaya Region.
ABSTRACT: The Camino Real was a cultural, political, and economical link between the Viceroy of Mexico and the northern communities of the New Spain, mostly mining centers. But these new territories were not only harsh geographically but dangerous. Because of that the Spanish empire establishes a military line of presidios from California to Florida. These structures were simple constructions made of local material. Several of these presidios were short lived; others become major cities today, such as Chihuahua. The conformation of the frontier in colonial times is well known historically, but poorly knows archaeologically specially in Mexico. The Presidio San Carlos is located near the community of Manuel Benavidez, Chihuahua, near the Texan border. It’s isolation contribute to its well preservation and present a good archaeological opportunity to explore. Here we will present the result from the recent archaeological survey project conducted at the Presidio San Carlos this summer of 2018.

PRESENTER: Dr. Emiliano Gallaga Murrieta, gallagam@gmail.com
Director de la Escuela de Antropología e Historia del Norte de México,
EAHNM-INAH, Chihuahua, Chihuahua, MX.

7. TITLE: Falcon Reservoir: Efforts to Preserve an Endangered Landscape
ABSTRACT: The cultural landscape of the Falcon Reservoir is defined by 1000s of years of occupation along the Rio Grande River. Although some of the most enduring features of this landscape can be traced to the Spanish Colonial period, the archaeological sites dating to this period are also the most endangered. Despite increased efforts by the United States International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC) to protect sites, the resources continue to be impacted due to the reservoir’s function as both the international boundary and a flood control reservoir that attracts thousands of recreational visitors a year. In this paper we report on a 2018 survey at Falcon Reservoir when the USIBWC and THC observed impacts at historic sites with roots in the Spanish Colonial period. The results suggest that erosion, looting, and development continue to impact the cultural landscape, and in this paper, we contextualize these destructive processes and identify potential partnerships to mitigate future impacts.

PRESENTERS: Casey Hanson, Ph.D., Casey.Hanson@thc.texas.gov
South Texas Regional Archeologist
Texas Historical Commission, Austin, TX
Mark L. Howe, mark.howe@ibwc.gov
Cultural Resources Specialist, United States Section,
International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC), El Paso, Texas

8. TITLE: Con Un Pie En Cada Lado:
Nuevo Santander Ranching Communities Along The Lower Rio Grande
ABSTRACT: The eighteenth-century colony of Nuevo Santander attracted my attention after a look up my grandfather Pedro Hernández Barrera’s family tree. What I learned about my lineage made me question the version of Texas history that I was taught as a child growing up in Texas public schools. That version did not credit the contributions of Nuevo Santander colonists to this state’s modern cattle industry, yet theirs were some of the earliest ranches in Texas, from Laredo to the Gulf coast. They received land grants straddling the Río Grande in 1767 on which to establish livestock ranches. The colonists and their descendants literally lived con un pie en cada lado, with a foot on each side of river.

PRESENTER: Mary Jo Galindo, Ph.D., GalindoENV@gmail.com
Principle, Galindo Environmental Consulting, LLC
Austin, Texas

Call for Manuscripts: Volume 5

CALL FOR ARTICLE MANUSCRIPTS

Journal of Texas Archeology and History

Call for Papers – Volume 5 (2018/2019)

The Journal of Texas Archeology and History.org has been established to protect, preserve, and promote archeology and history through public outreach, publishing, and distribution. Our signature work is a peer-reviewed publication that promotes professional and graduate academic level research in the fields of archeology and history regarding a geographic region centered around the State of Texas that includes Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and the northern portions of Mexico. We call this region the “Texas Borderlands”.

The JTAH journal is an open-access online publication whose text is discoverable via Google Scholar and other prominent search engines. It is freely available to authors and readers worldwide. It is word searchable in common Portable Document Format (.PDF) file format and indexed to be discoverable on the internet. We have no deadline for authors to meet; simply submit the completed manuscript to the Co-Editors-in-Chief Todd M. Ahlman and Mary Jo Galindo. They will begin the peer review processes upon receipt. All submissions should follow American Antiquity style

(http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/Publications/StyleGuide/StyleGuide_Final_813.pdf). Upon peer review and approval by our Co-Editors-in-Chief and final preparation for publication, the article will be published in the online journal.  Additionally, articles published online will appear in our annual volume and the print version.  Volumes close on June 30 and the next volume is begun on July 1st of each year.

The online version of the Journal is a 100% digital publication, authors are encouraged to take full advantage of technology to enhance their article through use of features not available in traditional publications.  These enhancements include:  extensive color, high-resolution photography, video clips and embedded sound bites, 3-D interactive renderings, and hypertext links to outside content and websites. Authors are encouraged to include separate appendixes of supporting data that will be published in the online version and available as a stand-alone digital download.

Additionally, the JTAH.org now publishes a high-quality, full-color, print version of its annual volume of peer-reviewed research.  The print publication is made available through Amazon.com at near direct cost as a service to the research community and authors.

J.T.A.H. Volume 4 and Special Appendix to Cover Art are now available in print.

Pictures for Announcement - Volume 4

We are pleased to announce that J.T.A.H. Volume 4 (2017/2018) is now available in high-quality, full-color print version at Amazon.com Books.  To order your copy of our signature publication for the year just click HERE.

Additionally, the Appendix to Cover Art for J.T.A.H. Volume 4 (2017/2018) is also now available in high-quality, full-color print versions at Amazon.com Books.  The cover of this volume was created in collaboration with scholars with the Gault School of Archeological Research (GSAR) and highlights the archaic and Clovis era projectile points found at the famous Gault Site north of Austin, Texas.  To order a separate special publication containing the Cover Art and diagnostic information on each of the projectile points represented on the covers click HERE.

J.T.A.H. Volume 4 is Online.

ANNOUNCEMENT: J.T.A.H Volume 4 & Appendix are now available online.

We are extremely pleased to announce that J.T.A.H. Volume 4 of peer reviewed original research in archeology and history of the Texas Borderlands region is now available online.  In addition to the excellent articles of research found in this volume, we feature an interactive front and back cover comprised of examples from the Gault Site projectile point collection including Archaic and Clovis points.  We encourage you to explore the front and back covers for additional content and read the short descriptive article by Tom Williams regarding the cover art content. The Gault Site article and projectile point data are being published as and Appendix to Volume 4 and is available in a special publication.  This volume will soon be available in full-color print editions. Watch for our announcement when it becomes available through Amazon.com.

CLICK HERE to go to the Appendix to Cover Art – a special publication containing all of the Gault Site projectile point data and article.

CLICK HERE to go to the entire Volume 4 – our signature publication for the year.

Pictures for Announcement - Volume 4

TWO NEW ARTICLES

J.T.A.H. is pleased to announce TWO new articles have been published and are available to read or download from our website.  Please see their abstracts, below, with links to read and/or download:

ETHNOHISTORIC RECORDS OF HUNTER-GATHERER DIET OF THE TEXAS/MEXICO BORDERLANDS: IMPLICATIONS FOR STAPLE FOODS OF THE LOWER PECOS CANYONLANDS DURING THE HOLOCENE

Tim Riley, Utah State University Eastern Prehistoric Museum, Price, UT 84501 (tim.riley@usu.edu)

Abstract

Hinds Cave (41VV456) and other rockshelters excavated in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands have yielded thousands of coprolites spanning the Holocene. To date, several hundred specimens have been analyzed, providing a detailed record of meals consumed by hunter-gatherers who called this landscape home. This article compares the paleodietary records derived from these specimens with the foodways documented in the ethnohistoric records available for the Lower Pecos Canyonlands and adjacent landscapes. This comparison confirms the deep temporal roots of the foodways recorded in the earliest written records of the Texas/Mexico borderlands. Coprolite data corroborate the strong dependence on the seasonal staples of lechuguilla (Agave lechuguilla), nopales (Opuntia sp.), and tunas (Opuntia sp.) observed in the ethnohistoric literature. The temporal endurance of this subsistence strategy suggests that there may be some components of this dietary pattern that could inform on many of the diet-related health issues observed among modern Native American and other populations.

Click HERE for link to the article.

FORGOTTEN SOLDIERS:  BURIALS ON THE TEXAS FRONTIER AND SHIFTING PERCEPTIONS OF MILITARY INTERMENT

Anthony Schienschang
Williamsburg, VA 23185 (anthony.schienschang@gmail.com)

Abstract

This research examines the interrelation between civilian and military burials on the Texas frontier in the 1850s with further discussion about the drivers for changing military burial practices. A soldier’s life on the Texas frontier is briefly outlined along with some of the difficulties facing service members living in border forts. Special focus is placed on examining the socio-economic differences between officers and enlisted personnel, as well as the recording of deaths on the frontier. As a case study, the condition of the proposed location of the Fort Gates cemetery is explored and brief analysis of data gathered from the site is presented. The condition of the Fort Gates location is then compared to the nearby Sheridan Family Cemetery. The paper concludes by exploring how the American Civil War shifted civilian perceptions about military dead, leading to increased care for the remains of these deceased soldiers. Primary field research was conducted in Coryell County, Texas around the former site of Fort Gates, on the Fort Hood military installation, and in Gatesville, Texas.

Click HERE for link to the full article.

New Article by Amy Borgens, State Marine Archeologist

The J.T.A.H. is extremely pleased to announce a major new article by Amy Borgens, State Marine Archeologist with the Texas Historical Commission.  This deeply researched article is image and content rich.   We know you will enjoy reading the newest addition to the J.T.A.H. library of outstanding research.

 Click here Read or Download this article.

CHASING THE PHANTOM SHIP: REVISITING INTERPRETATIONS OF THE BOCA CHICA NO. 2 SHIPWRECK ON THE TEXAS COAST

ABSTRACT:  Boca Chica Beach spans the south Texas coast in Cameron County for a distance of roughly 12 kilometers between Brazos Santiago Pass and the mouth of the Rio Grande River at the Texas and Mexican border. More than 165 historic ships have been reported lost along the south Texas coast in this general area and at least four, or portions thereof, have been discovered so far. The most well-known of the shipwreck remains is archeological site 41CF184, nicknamed Boca Chica No. 2, which has gained almost mythological status in the region as it has long been circumstantially linked to the Mexican warship Moctezuma; not-so-coincidentally one of the most famous shipwrecks in the region. Is Boca Chica No. 2 the famous warship, once believed to be a “phantom” because it so often eluded the Texian patrols? Evidence suggests otherwise but the significance of both the historic ship and the archeological site invite reexamination of this unresolved mystery.

Publisher’s Note:  the author has prepared additional documentation on her topic that appears in a separate linked folder.  The appendix will feature a sample of the photographs of Boca Chica No. 2 from the Texas Historical Commission’s (THC) photography collection. There are currently more than 700 images for this shipwreck in the form of color slides, 35 mm print film, and digital photography. The images in the appendix are provided for research use only and are Copyrighted intellectual property of the Texas Historical Commission, Austin, Texas. They may NOT to be used in any publication format without express written permission of the Agency.  If there is an interest in using these photographs for publication, marketing, or any commercial use, please contact the THC regarding the agency’s image use policy. Please allow for a lengthy download time due to file size. Click here for the Appendix.

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Journal of Texas Archeology and History
2nd Call for Papers – Volume 4 (2018)

The Journal of Texas Archeology and History.org was established to protect, preserve, and promote archeology and history studies through public outreach, publishing, and distribution. Our signature work is a peer-reviewed publication that promotes professional and graduate-level research in the fields of archeology and history regarding a geographic region centered around the State of Texas that includes Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and the northern portions of Mexico. We call this region the “Texas Borderlands”.

The peer-reviewed JTAH “Journal” is produced annually as an open-access online publication whose text is discoverable via Google Scholar and other prominent search engines. It is freely available to authors working in the relevant subject matter and accessible to readers worldwide at zero cost. It is word searchable in common Portable Document Format (.PDF) file format and indexed to be discoverable on the internet. We have no deadline for authors to meet; simply submit a completed manuscript to the Co-Editors-in-Chief, Todd M. Ahlman at toddahlman@txstate.edu and Mary Jo Galindo at MJGalindo@pape-dawson.com. They will begin the peer review processes upon receipt. All submissions should follow American Antiquity style
(http://www.saa.org/…/Pu…/StyleGuide/StyleGuide_Final_813.pdf). Upon peer review and approval by the Co-Editors-in-Chief and final preparation for publication, the article will be published in the online journal. Additionally, articles published online will appear in the annual digital and print versions of the Journal. Each annual volumes close on June 30 and the next volume is opened on July 1st.

Our online version of the Journal is a 100% digital publication – authors are encouraged to take full advantage of technology to enhance their article through use of features not available in traditional print publications. These enhancements include, but are not limited to: extensive color, high-resolution photography, video clips, embedded sound bites, 3-D interactive imagery, hypertext links to outside content and websites. Authors whose research includes significant raw numerical data may provide a separate appendix for supporting data that will be published separately in the online version and available as a stand-alone digital download. Additionally, the JTAH.org publishes a high-quality, full-color, print version of its annual volume of peer-reviewed research. The print publication is made available through Amazon.com at low cost as a service to the research community and authors who require or prefer traditional print copies.

For much more information about the JTAH.org and publishing with us, interested authors are directed to the www.JTAH.org website for complete manuscript submittal information or by clicking here.