J.T.A.H. is pleased to announce TWO new articles have been published and are available to read or download from our website. Please see their abstracts, below, with links to read and/or download:
ETHNOHISTORIC RECORDS OF HUNTER-GATHERER DIET OF THE TEXAS/MEXICO BORDERLANDS: IMPLICATIONS FOR STAPLE FOODS OF THE LOWER PECOS CANYONLANDS DURING THE HOLOCENE
Tim Riley, Utah State University Eastern Prehistoric Museum, Price, UT 84501 (email@example.com)
Hinds Cave (41VV456) and other rockshelters excavated in the Lower Pecos Canyonlands have yielded thousands of coprolites spanning the Holocene. To date, several hundred specimens have been analyzed, providing a detailed record of meals consumed by hunter-gatherers who called this landscape home. This article compares the paleodietary records derived from these specimens with the foodways documented in the ethnohistoric records available for the Lower Pecos Canyonlands and adjacent landscapes. This comparison confirms the deep temporal roots of the foodways recorded in the earliest written records of the Texas/Mexico borderlands. Coprolite data corroborate the strong dependence on the seasonal staples of lechuguilla (Agave lechuguilla), nopales (Opuntia sp.), and tunas (Opuntia sp.) observed in the ethnohistoric literature. The temporal endurance of this subsistence strategy suggests that there may be some components of this dietary pattern that could inform on many of the diet-related health issues observed among modern Native American and other populations.
Click HERE for link to the article.
FORGOTTEN SOLDIERS: BURIALS ON THE TEXAS FRONTIER AND SHIFTING PERCEPTIONS OF MILITARY INTERMENT
Williamsburg, VA 23185 (firstname.lastname@example.org)
This research examines the interrelation between civilian and military burials on the Texas frontier in the 1850s with further discussion about the drivers for changing military burial practices. A soldier’s life on the Texas frontier is briefly outlined along with some of the difficulties facing service members living in border forts. Special focus is placed on examining the socio-economic differences between officers and enlisted personnel, as well as the recording of deaths on the frontier. As a case study, the condition of the proposed location of the Fort Gates cemetery is explored and brief analysis of data gathered from the site is presented. The condition of the Fort Gates location is then compared to the nearby Sheridan Family Cemetery. The paper concludes by exploring how the American Civil War shifted civilian perceptions about military dead, leading to increased care for the remains of these deceased soldiers. Primary field research was conducted in Coryell County, Texas around the former site of Fort Gates, on the Fort Hood military installation, and in Gatesville, Texas.
Click HERE for link to the full article.
The J.T.A.H. is extremely pleased to announce a major new article by Amy Borgens, State Marine Archeologist with the Texas Historical Commission. This deeply researched article is image and content rich. We know you will enjoy reading the newest addition to the J.T.A.H. library of outstanding research.
Click here Read or Download this article.
CHASING THE PHANTOM SHIP: REVISITING INTERPRETATIONS OF THE BOCA CHICA NO. 2 SHIPWRECK ON THE TEXAS COAST
ABSTRACT: Boca Chica Beach spans the south Texas coast in Cameron County for a distance of roughly 12 kilometers between Brazos Santiago Pass and the mouth of the Rio Grande River at the Texas and Mexican border. More than 165 historic ships have been reported lost along the south Texas coast in this general area and at least four, or portions thereof, have been discovered so far. The most well-known of the shipwreck remains is archeological site 41CF184, nicknamed Boca Chica No. 2, which has gained almost mythological status in the region as it has long been circumstantially linked to the Mexican warship Moctezuma; not-so-coincidentally one of the most famous shipwrecks in the region. Is Boca Chica No. 2 the famous warship, once believed to be a “phantom” because it so often eluded the Texian patrols? Evidence suggests otherwise but the significance of both the historic ship and the archeological site invite reexamination of this unresolved mystery.
Publisher’s Note: the author has prepared additional documentation on her topic that appears in a separate linked folder. The appendix will feature a sample of the photographs of Boca Chica No. 2 from the Texas Historical Commission’s (THC) photography collection. There are currently more than 700 images for this shipwreck in the form of color slides, 35 mm print film, and digital photography. The images in the appendix are provided for research use only and are Copyrighted intellectual property of the Texas Historical Commission, Austin, Texas. They may NOT to be used in any publication format without express written permission of the Agency. If there is an interest in using these photographs for publication, marketing, or any commercial use, please contact the THC regarding the agency’s image use policy. Please allow for a lengthy download time due to file size. Click here for the Appendix.
Journal of Texas Archeology and History
2nd Call for Papers – Volume 4 (2018)
The Journal of Texas Archeology and History.org was established to protect, preserve, and promote archeology and history studies through public outreach, publishing, and distribution. Our signature work is a peer-reviewed publication that promotes professional and graduate-level research in the fields of archeology and history regarding a geographic region centered around the State of Texas that includes Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and the northern portions of Mexico. We call this region the “Texas Borderlands”.
The peer-reviewed JTAH “Journal” is produced annually as an open-access online publication whose text is discoverable via Google Scholar and other prominent search engines. It is freely available to authors working in the relevant subject matter and accessible to readers worldwide at zero cost. It is word searchable in common Portable Document Format (.PDF) file format and indexed to be discoverable on the internet. We have no deadline for authors to meet; simply submit a completed manuscript to the Co-Editors-in-Chief, Todd M. Ahlman at email@example.com and Mary Jo Galindo at MJGalindo@pape-dawson.com. They will begin the peer review processes upon receipt. All submissions should follow American Antiquity style
(http://www.saa.org/…/Pu…/StyleGuide/StyleGuide_Final_813.pdf). Upon peer review and approval by the Co-Editors-in-Chief and final preparation for publication, the article will be published in the online journal. Additionally, articles published online will appear in the annual digital and print versions of the Journal. Each annual volumes close on June 30 and the next volume is opened on July 1st.
Our online version of the Journal is a 100% digital publication – authors are encouraged to take full advantage of technology to enhance their article through use of features not available in traditional print publications. These enhancements include, but are not limited to: extensive color, high-resolution photography, video clips, embedded sound bites, 3-D interactive imagery, hypertext links to outside content and websites. Authors whose research includes significant raw numerical data may provide a separate appendix for supporting data that will be published separately in the online version and available as a stand-alone digital download. Additionally, the JTAH.org publishes a high-quality, full-color, print version of its annual volume of peer-reviewed research. The print publication is made available through Amazon.com at low cost as a service to the research community and authors who require or prefer traditional print copies.
For much more information about the JTAH.org and publishing with us, interested authors are directed to the www.JTAH.org website for complete manuscript submittal information or by clicking here.
We here at The Journal of Texas Archeology and History.org, Inc. are pleased to announce our latest full volume publication. Volume 3 continues our tradition of publishing important peer reviewed research on the archeology and history of the Texas Borderlands region. Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Todd Ahlman and Publisher Steve Davis invite you to download the complete volume.
Download the Complete JTAH Volume 3
For those needing a printed version, we will soon have hard copies available through CreateSpace.com (an Amazon company).
Important Notes about the full volume 3:
- The full volume file is 86 MB in size. Your download time will take a minute or two if you have a slow ISP.
- The file contains 3-D interactive and video animation imagery that may not work on your computer unless you have a recent version of Adobe Reader or one of the Adobe software packages; such as Acrobat or Illustrator.
- Adobe provides a free download of their Reader DC software at this link: Adobe Reader DC.
Volume 3, Article 4
MILITARY DIET ON THE BORDER: BUTCHERY ANALYSIS AT FORT BROWN (41CF96) CAMERON COUNTY, Texas
Crystal A. Dozier
Department of Anthropology
Texas A&M University
Archaeological investigations at Fort Brown (41CF96) have provided a wealth of information about military life in south Texas. This re-analysis of the faunal material recovered by the Archaeological Research Laboratory’s survey efforts in 1988 investigates butchering patterns found at the site. While evidence for modern European American cuts are present, processing of beef os coxae and sacrum are inconsistent with current European American butchery practices. The assemblage is dominated by inexpensive cuts of meat that would have allowed for easy cooking within stews or soups. The butchery patterns seen at Fort Brown are compared to early twentieth century military standards as well as local, and particularly Mexican, influences on Fort Brown foodways.
Link to full article.
Volume 3, Article 3
THEORIES ON THE BLUE WING ROAD BURIAL (41BX34) IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GUTIÉRREZ-MAGEE EXPEDITION
Brandon K. Richards, Energy Renewal Partners
In 1968, the skeletal remains of an individual believed to have been involved in the Gutiérrez-Magee expedition of 1812-1813 were exhumed south of San Antonio. Since then, the circumstances surrounding what became known as the “Blue Wing Road burial” have remained somewhat of a mystery. This article introduces a new theory that posits that the burial is not directly related to the major battles fought in the region (the Battles of Rosalis and Medina), but more likely an incident involving a Republican detachment encountering Royalists stationed along a well-travelled route.
Link to full article.
Volume 3, Article 2
AN UNUSUAL LATE ABORIGINAL ASSEMBLAGE SAN SABA COUNTY, CENTRAL TEXAS FROM THE WILSON SITE (41SS186), SAN SABA COUNTY, CENTRAL TEXAS
Charles A. Hixson
with a contribution by James K. Feathers
The late aboriginal component in the Wilson Site in San Saba County is unusual in that most of the assemblage is consistent with that of Classic Toyah, but the diagnostic projectile point is an unnotched triangular arrow point instead of the typical Perdiz point. The absence of Perdiz points suggests that this component is associated with non-Toyah people and possibly dates to after 1700. Archaeological testing by the Llano Uplift Archeological Society (LUAS) to find supporting evidence for a historic date identified an Austin phase shell midden and a “Late Component” composed of triangular arrow points, end scrapers, a beveled biface and bone-tempered sherds, but no items of European manufacture. Complicating matters, the luminescence dating on a ceramic sample opens the possibility that the Late Component predates the currently accepted beginning of the Toyah phase.
Link to full article.