Tag Archives: Texas


Friday, October 23rd @ 3:00 PM – 3:50 PM                                      NANCY KENMOTSU & DOUG BOYD

The Toyah Phase of Central Texas: Late Prehistoric Economic and Social Processes

Editors: Nancy A. Kenmotsu and Douglas K. Boyd

Book3pic1smContributing authors: John W. Arnn, III, Douglas K. Boyd, Zackary I. Gilmore, Leonard Kemp, Nancy A. Kenmotsu, Karl W. Kibler, Raymond Mauldin, Khori Newlander, Elton R. Prewitt, John D. Speth, and Jennifer Thompson.

This book is an edited volume with 9 chapters presenting a variety of perspectives on the archeology and ethnohistory of the Toyah phase.  Texas is particularly suited to the study of hunter-gatherers, for the majority of its lands were home to such groups for thousands of years.  The Toyah Phase of Central Texas focuses on the hunter-gatherers who occupied at least 25 percent of the state, particularly its central core, just before and during the early incursion of Spain north of the banks of the Rio Grande, a time frame known as the Toyah phase (AD 1300 – 1750).  Toyah phase sites have been of great interest to professional and avocational archeologists since they were first recorded and investigated over seventy years ago.  Several TAS field schools have investigated Toyah sites, including at Rowe Valley, Mission Espiritu Santo, and, more recently, Area 4 of the Eagle Bluff site.  The authors take advantage of previous and recent work on Toyah phase sites, especially a number of recent cultural resource management-sponsored excavations.

Once thought to be a single “cultural group” that spread across a large portion of Texas, it now seems likely that the Toyah phase represents a large social field composed of many different communities that shared a common material culture and lifestyle.  The authors examine topics such as what defines the Classic Toyah area and the variability seen in the peripheral Toyah areas, the archeological evidence for interregional exchange systems, subsistence, the role of intergroup conflicts, and the nature of Toyah society during the dynamic period of early European contact.  While this book may not provide definitive answers to all, it does make one step back and think about Toyah’s archeological and ethnographic evidence in new ways.

Book3pic2Dr. Nancy A. Kenmotsu is a Senior Archeologist at Versar, Inc.  Nancy’s primary research interest is how small-scale societies adapt to environmental and cultural change and has studied this topic by examining the impact of Spanish colonization on native populations of hunter-gatherers north and south of the Rio Grande as well as the interaction of the people of La Junta de los Rios (modern Presidio, Texas) with their hunter-gatherer and Puebloan neighbors.  She has also studied the history of Native Americans in the Lone Star state from Spanish contact to the early 20th century.

Book3pic3Douglas (Doug) K. Boyd
is a Vice
President at Prewitt & Associates, Inc., a firm specializing in cultural resource management.  Doug has been involved with Texas archeology throughout his
life, and he is very interested in the period when native peoples came under influence from European contact and the many changes that they experienced.  Born and reared in the Texas Panhandle, Doug has conducted extensive research on the history and prehistory of that region of the state.

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, 2012, ISBN:  978-1-60344-690-7 (hard cover), 978-1-60344-755-3 (ebook)
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Complete Vol 1 (2014)

Complete Volume 1 – 2014 .pdf

Front Matter for Volume 1 – 2014 (Publishers Note: the “Front Matters” contain the front cover, inside cover, table of contents, forward from publisher and list of authors.)



Every journey begins with a first step. The seed thought for this Journal germinated during lunch at the Bob Bullock State History Museum barely a year ago. From that late November discussion with Tim Perttula, we have traveled much farther and faster than ever imagined. The rough concept we outlined that day has grown and matured rapidly. Today, we are putting the polishing touches on the premier volume and readying it for publication.

As I pen these thoughts, it is a time to give thanks and reflect on one’s blessings for the year past. The Journal of Texas Archeology and History could not have been possible without the generous participation of many individuals who believe in our mission and purpose. Chief among these is our editor-in-chief, Tim Perttula, who has invested a great deal of his time to ensure the quality and accuracy of the Journal’s content. Supporting Tim is our outstanding editorial board, Steve Black, Chris Lintz, Robert Z. Selden Jr., Frank de la Teja, Juliana Barr, and Todd Smith. These individuals have provided expert editorial review services to make sure the peer review process has been solid and seamless. Several subject matter experts also stepped up to add their expertise to the review process. It is important to note for posterity that everyone involved with this effort contributed freely and cheerfully their time and efforts to support this publication, indicating their commitment and enthusiasm to the goals of this Journal: free, open access to digital publication of archeological and historical research of the region.

Ranking highest on my list on this day of thanksgiving are the authors who trusted us with the fruits of their labor at an untested, unproven new publication. Researchers and writers pour their blood, sweat, and tears into their works. It is no small thing that they entrusted us with its safekeeping. So, to the 11 courageous authors of Volume 1, I salute you!

Finally, looking toward the future, we have already begun to assemble content for Volume 2. Based on early indications, we will build on the success and quality of the premier volume in size, breadth of coverage and concept of content. Beyond that, the Journal of Texas Archeolog y and History has broad plans to publish several “Special Publications” of important themed materials from multiple research groups and may offer Spanish and French versions as well. We hope to strengthen our ties with researchers and writers in the surrounding states and northern Mexico. 2015 will be an interesting and busy year at the Journal of Texas Archeology and History!

Journal of Texas Archeology and History

Steve Davis, Publisher

Thanksgiving Day, 2014