Friday, October 23rd @ 3:00 PM – 3:50 PM                                      NANCY KENMOTSU & DOUG BOYD

The Toyah Phase of Central Texas: Late Prehistoric Economic and Social Processes

Editors: Nancy A. Kenmotsu and Douglas K. Boyd

Book3pic1smContributing authors: John W. Arnn, III, Douglas K. Boyd, Zackary I. Gilmore, Leonard Kemp, Nancy A. Kenmotsu, Karl W. Kibler, Raymond Mauldin, Khori Newlander, Elton R. Prewitt, John D. Speth, and Jennifer Thompson.

This book is an edited volume with 9 chapters presenting a variety of perspectives on the archeology and ethnohistory of the Toyah phase.  Texas is particularly suited to the study of hunter-gatherers, for the majority of its lands were home to such groups for thousands of years.  The Toyah Phase of Central Texas focuses on the hunter-gatherers who occupied at least 25 percent of the state, particularly its central core, just before and during the early incursion of Spain north of the banks of the Rio Grande, a time frame known as the Toyah phase (AD 1300 – 1750).  Toyah phase sites have been of great interest to professional and avocational archeologists since they were first recorded and investigated over seventy years ago.  Several TAS field schools have investigated Toyah sites, including at Rowe Valley, Mission Espiritu Santo, and, more recently, Area 4 of the Eagle Bluff site.  The authors take advantage of previous and recent work on Toyah phase sites, especially a number of recent cultural resource management-sponsored excavations.

Once thought to be a single “cultural group” that spread across a large portion of Texas, it now seems likely that the Toyah phase represents a large social field composed of many different communities that shared a common material culture and lifestyle.  The authors examine topics such as what defines the Classic Toyah area and the variability seen in the peripheral Toyah areas, the archeological evidence for interregional exchange systems, subsistence, the role of intergroup conflicts, and the nature of Toyah society during the dynamic period of early European contact.  While this book may not provide definitive answers to all, it does make one step back and think about Toyah’s archeological and ethnographic evidence in new ways.

Book3pic2Dr. Nancy A. Kenmotsu is a Senior Archeologist at Versar, Inc.  Nancy’s primary research interest is how small-scale societies adapt to environmental and cultural change and has studied this topic by examining the impact of Spanish colonization on native populations of hunter-gatherers north and south of the Rio Grande as well as the interaction of the people of La Junta de los Rios (modern Presidio, Texas) with their hunter-gatherer and Puebloan neighbors.  She has also studied the history of Native Americans in the Lone Star state from Spanish contact to the early 20th century.

Book3pic3Douglas (Doug) K. Boyd
is a Vice
President at Prewitt & Associates, Inc., a firm specializing in cultural resource management.  Doug has been involved with Texas archeology throughout his
life, and he is very interested in the period when native peoples came under influence from European contact and the many changes that they experienced.  Born and reared in the Texas Panhandle, Doug has conducted extensive research on the history and prehistory of that region of the state.

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, 2012, ISBN:  978-1-60344-690-7 (hard cover), 978-1-60344-755-3 (ebook)
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