Volume 2, Article 2
CERAMIC TYPES FROM LATE PREHISTORIC SITES ALONG THE EAST FORK OF THE TRINITY RIVER
By: Wilson W. Crook, III and Mark D. Hughston
Ceramics are one of the key diagnostic artifacts that define the Late Prehistoric culture of the peoples that lived along the East Fork of the Trinity and its tributaries. We are completing a 42-year re-evaluation of the Late Prehistoric period of the area and have studied nearly 32,000 artifacts, of which over 10,200 are ceramic sherds. From this study, 20 distinct ceramic types have been recognized. Plain ware, both shell-tempered and sandy paste/grog-tempered, are the predominant ceramic types present, comprising over 90 percent of the total ceramic assemblage. While there is little direct evidence for indigenous manufacture, the abundance of these types suggests they were produced locally. Lesser quantities of decorated ware of distinct Caddo ceramic types from the Red River and East Texas suggest they are likely the product of exchange. There is also a small amount of Puebloan material indicative of a longer distance exchange.